Are you at risk for diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose (blood sugar) levels are too high. The cells of the body use glocuse for energy and if the glocuse is unable to get into the cells, it will build up in the blood.
Prediabetes is a condition of higher than normal blood glucose (blood sugar) that can develop into diabetes if weight, diet and exercise goals are not adjusted.
Insulin is a hormone that is made by the pancreas to take glocuse out of the blood and give it to the cells for energy. In Type 1 diabetes, the pancrease no longer makes insulin. In Type 2 diabetes, the insulin may not be workign well or the pancrease may not be creating enough.
Risk factors for diabetes:
* Being overweight or obese
* Being physically inactive
* Being over the age of 45
* Having a family history of Type 2 diabetes
* Having high blood pressure and high cholesterol
* Having diabetes while pregnant
Symptoms of diabetes:
* Increased thirst
* Feeling very hungry
* Urinating often
* Extreme fatigue
* Blurry vision
* Cuts of bruises that heal slowly
* Tingling, pain or numbness in hands or feet
What you can do:
* Aim for a modest weight loss of 5 – 10% of body weight (4 – 6 pounds loss per month)
* Exercise 150 minutes per week – that’s only a 30 minute walk for 5 days per week
* Eat a healthy diet and practice portion control
* Monitor blood sugar levels daily (as needed)
* Visit your doctor regularly
* Take your medication or insulin as directed by your physician